analogy


analogy
Analogies, much employed in the Bible, are a means of reasoning by the use of parallel cases, and ‘analogy’ is therefore an umbrella term covering similes, metaphors, typology, and allegory. Thus Paul refers to Christ as a ‘rock’ (1 Cor. 10:4), where he uses the account in Num. 20:11 of the gushing of water out of a rock. The Jews of the 1st cent. CE believed that this supernatural rock somehow accompanied the Israelites on their journeyings through the wilderness together with the numinous cloud. So Paul applies this belief by analogy to Christ as the rock who gives life to his people. An analogy between sleep and death is found in 1 Thess. 5:10.
For the medieval philosopher Thomas Aquinas the concept of analogy was fundamental as being an intelligible means of referring to the relationships between God and mankind; there are attributes of God which are similar to but not identical with those of human beings, as when we talk of the love of God.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Analogy — is both the cognitive process of transferring information from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject (the target), and a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is… …   Wikipedia

  • Analogy — • A philosophical term used to designate, first, a property of things; secondly, a process of reasoning Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Analogy     Analogy      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • analogy — 1 *likeness, similitude, resemblance, similarity, affinity 2 Analogy, simile, metaphor designate a comparison between things essentially or generically different but strikingly alike in one or more pertinent aspects. Analogy is the general term… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • analogy — 1. In language analogy is the process by which the use of words follows precedents set by other words without going through all the stages that produced those precedents. This is a fundamental aspect of the way languages develop, and applies to… …   Modern English usage

  • Analogy — A*nal o*gy, n.; pl. {Analogies}. [L. analogia, Gr. ?, fr. ?: cf. F. analogie. See {Analogous}.] 1. A resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise entirely… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • analogy — I noun affinity, agreement, close relation, close resemblance, common feature, comparability, comparison, congruity, correlation, correspondence, equivalence, homology, like quality, likeness, logical relation, parallel relation, parallelism,… …   Law dictionary

  • analogy — [ə nal′ə jē] n. pl. analogies [ME & OFr analogie < L analogia < Gr, proportion < analogos, in due ratio < ana , according to + logos, word, reckoning: see LOGIC] 1. similarity in some respects between things otherwise unlike; partial… …   English World dictionary

  • analogy — analogy. См. аналогия. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • analogy — (n.) 1540s (perhaps early 15c.), from O.Fr. analogie or directly from L. analogia, from Gk. analogia proportion, from ana upon, according to (see ANA (Cf. ana )) + logos ratio, also word, speech, reckoning (see LOGOS (Cf. logos)). A mathematical… …   Etymology dictionary

  • analogy — [n] agreement, similarity affinity, alikeness, comparison, correlation, correspondence, equivalence, homology, likeness, metaphor, parallel, relation, relationship, resemblance, semblance, simile, similitude; concepts 278,670 Ant. disagreement,… …   New thesaurus

  • analogy — ► NOUN (pl. analogies) 1) a comparison between one thing and another made to explain or clarify. 2) a correspondence or partial similarity. DERIVATIVES analogical adjective …   English terms dictionary


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